• Sitemap
  • Contact Us

pISSN 2950-9114 eISSN 2950-9122
Article View

Original Article

Lab Med Qual Assur 2024; 46(1): 55-59

Published online March 31, 2024


Copyright © Korean Association of External Quality Assessment Service.

CYP3A5 rs776746 Genotyping by SYBR Green-Based Real-Time Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction Combined with Melting Curve Analysis Using Tm-Shift Method

Geon Park

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea

Correspondence to:Geon Park
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Chosun University Hospital, Chosun University College of Medicine, 365 Pilmun-daero, Dong-gu, Gwangju 61453, Korea
Tel +82-62-220-3272
E-mail creatgeon@chosun.ac.kr, creatgun@naver.com

Received: November 13, 2023; Revised: December 4, 2023; Accepted: December 4, 2023

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background: Cytochrome P450 3A subfamily members (CYP3A5) affects drug reactions and susceptibility to diseases. The homozygotic variant rs776746 (CYP3A5*3/*3; NM_000777.5:c.219-237A>G) genotype is a nonexpressor of CYP3A5 and metabolizes CYP3A5 substrates more slowly than CYP3A5-expressor genotypes (CYP3A5*1/*1 and *1/*3). A rapid and reliable CYP3A5 genotyping is necessary to reduce the risk of adverse drug reactions.
Methods: A total of 101 randomly collected blood samples from hospitalized patients between May 2022 and December 2022 were used to evaluate this rapid CYP3A5 genotyping technique. One allele-nonspecific forward primer and two allele-specific reverse primers (a rs776746 G allele-specific primer with GC-rich sequences and a rs776746 A allele-specific primer without GC-rich sequences) were used for CYP3A5 genotyping. We performed Sanger sequencing to confirm the results of real-time multiplex allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and melting curve analysis.
Results: The duration of the analysis of the CYP3A5 genotyping, except DNA extraction, was approximately 1.5 hours. The mean melting temperatures were 79.1℃ and 75.1℃, which were characteristic of rs776746 G allele-specific amplicon and rs776746 A allele-specific amplicon, respectively. Frequencies of CYP3A5*1/*1, CYP3A5*1/*3, and CYP3A5*3/*3 were 7 (6.9%), 40 (39.6%), and 54 (53.5%) in 101 samples, respectively. The concordance rate between the real-time PCR combined with melting curve analysis and Sanger sequencing was 100%.
Conclusions: CYP3A5 genotyping by SYBR Green-based real-time multiplex PCR combined with melting curve analysis using three unlabeled primers including the melting temperature-shift primer in a single tube is a rapid and reliable technique for routine laboratory testing.

Keywords: CYP3A5, Genotyping, Real-time polymerase chain reaction

Supplementary File

Share this article on :

Stats or metrics