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pISSN 2950-9114 eISSN 2950-9122
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Original Article

Lab Med Qual Assur 2020; 42(4): 200-210

Published online December 31, 2020


Copyright © Korean Association of External Quality Assessment Service.

Analysis of Matrix Effect of Urine Quality Control Materials in Urine Chemistry Tests

Chang-Ho Jeon and Sang-Gyung Kim

Department of Laboratory Medicine, School of Medicine, Daegu Catholic University, Daegu, Korea

Correspondence to:Chang-Ho Jeon
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Daegu Catholic University Medical Center, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu, 33 Duryugongwonro 17-gil, Nam-gu, Daegu 42472, Korea
Tel +82-53-650-4144
Fax +82-53-653-8672
E-mail chjeon@cu.ac.kr

Received: July 10, 2020; Revised: September 3, 2020; Accepted: September 11, 2020

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background: The National External Quality Assessment Service on urinalysis in Korea has used control materials manufactured by YD (YD Diagnostics, Korea). These materials are composed of phosphate-buffered saline mixed with real materials or chemical reagents. Therefore, matrix effects could influence the urine analysis results.
Methods: We obtained five kinds of control materials from YD Diagnostics, Aution Check Plus (Arkray Inc., Japan), Liquichek Urinalysis Control (Bio-Rad Inc., USA), UroColor Control (Standard Diagnostics, Korea), and UC-Control (Sysmex Co., Japan), and prepared normal and abnormal human urine samples for testing. As test devices, we selected the following six instruments: Super+ (YD Diagnostics), Aution Max AX-4030 (Arkray Inc.), UroMeter 720 Pro (Standard Diagnostics), Clinitek Adventus (Siemens Healthcare, Germany), URISYS 2400 (Roche Diagnostics, Germany), and UC1000 (Sysmex Co.) based on the database of the Korean Association of External Quality Assessment Service. We performed our analysis using the five control materials, two human urine samples, and six instruments.
Results: Matrix effects were found in all control materials: Aution Check (pH in URISYS, specific gravity [SG] in Aution Max), Liquichek (urobilinogen in Aution Max, SG in UC1000), UroColor (bilirubin and SG in Aution Max, pH and SG in UC1000), and UC-Control (bilirubin and SG in UroMeter, bilirubin in UC1000, and ketone in Clinitek). YD controls also presented matrix effects: blood and urobilinogen in Aution Max, glucose in Super+, SG in UC1000, and pH in URISYS.
Conclusions: Since all control materials showed matrix effects, external quality assessment should be evaluated by the results of the peer group rather than by those of the manufacturer.

Keywords: Urine, Quality control, Urinalysis

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